Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Along with Plato, Aristotle is considered the “Father of Western Philosophy“, which inherited almost its entire lexicon from his teachings, including problems and methods of inquiry, so influencing almost all forms of knowledge.
Aristotle’s works shaped centuries of philosophy from Late Antiquity through the Renaissance, and even today continue to be studied with keen, non-antiquarian interest.
Aristotle, whose name means “the best purpose” in Ancient Greek, was born in 384 BC.
His extant writings span a wide range of disciplines, from logic, metaphysics, and philosophy of mind, through ethics, political theory, aesthetics and rhetoric, and into such primarily non-philosophical fields as empirical biology, where he excelled at the detailed plant and animal observation and taxonomy.
Because of its wide range and its remoteness in time, Aristotle’s philosophy defies easy encapsulation.
The long history of interpretation and appropriation of Aristotelian texts and themes—spanning over two millennia and comprising philosophers working within a variety of religious and secular traditions—has rendered even basic points of interpretation controversial.
1. “Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom.”
2. “Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all.”
3. “Happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence.”
4. “I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who conquers his enemies, for the hardest victory is over self.”
5. “All human actions have one or more of these seven causes: chance, nature, compulsion, habit, reason, passion, and desire.”
6. “For the things we have to learn before we can do them, we learn by doing them.”
7. “It is during our darkest moments that we must focus to see the light.”
8. “Where your talents and the needs of the world cross; there lies your vocation.”
9. “Men create gods after their own image, not only with regard to their form but with regard to their mode of life.”
10. “All who have meditated on the art of governing mankind have been convinced that the fate of empires depends on the education of youth.”
11. “A friend is a second self so that our consciousness of a friend’s existence…makes us more fully conscious of our own existence.”
12. “We must not listen to those who advise us ‘being men to think human thoughts, and being mortal to think mortal thoughts’ but must put on immortality as much as possible and strain every nerve to live according to that best part of us, which, being small in bulk, yet much more in its power and honour surpasses all else.”
13. “Humor is the only test of gravity, and gravity of humor; for a subject which will not bear raillery is suspicious, and a jest which will not bear serious examination is false wit.”
14. “The many are more incorruptible than the few; they are like the greater quantity of water which is less easily corrupted than a little.”
15. “the greatest thing by far is to have a command of metaphor. This alone cannot be imparted by another; it is the mark of genius, for to make good metaphors implies an eye for resemblances.”