Plato was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
Along with his teacher, Socrates, and his most famous student, Aristotle, Plato laid the foundations of Western philosophy and science.
In several of Plato’s dialogues, Socrates promulgates the idea that knowledge is a matter of recollection, and not of learning, observation, or study.
His dialogue The Republic is known as the first comprehensive work on political philosophy.
Plato is one of the most important Western philosophers, exerting influence on virtually every figure in philosophy after him.
Plato also contributed foundationally to ethics, metaphysics, and epistemology. His student, Aristotle, is also an extremely influential philosopher and the tutor of Alexander the Great of Macedonia.
Plato’s own most decisive philosophical influences are usually thought to have been Socrates, Parmenides, Heraclitus, and Pythagoras, although few of his predecessors’ works remain extant and much of what we know about these figures today derives from Plato himself.
1. “Human behavior flows from three main sources: desire, emotion, and knowledge. ”
2. “There are two things a person should never be angry at, what they can help, and what they cannot.”
3. “Every heart sings a song, incomplete, until another heart whispers back. Those who wish to sing always find a song. At the touch of a lover, everyone becomes a poet.”
4. “According to Greek mythology, humans were originally created with four arms, four legs and a head with two faces. Fearing their power, Zeus split them into two separate parts, condemning them to spend their lives in search of their other halves.”
5. “good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while bad people will find a way around the laws”
6. “Education is teaching our children to desire the right things.”
7. “The madness of love is the greatest of heaven’s blessings”
8. “Musical innovation is full of danger to the State, for when modes of music change, the fundamental laws of the State always change with them.”
9. “There is in every one of us, even those who seem to be most moderate, a type of desire that is terrible, wild, and lawless.”
10. “Either we shall find what it is we are seeking or at least we shall free ourselves from the persuasion that we know what we do not know.”
11. “Love’ is the name for our pursuit of wholeness, for our desire to be complete.”
12. “A dog has the soul of a philosopher.”
13. “Musical training is a more potent instrument than any other, because rhythm and harmony find their way into the inward places of the soul.”
14. “The soul of man is immortal and imperishable.”
15. “But afterward there occurred violent earthquakes and floods, and in a single day and night of misfortune all your warlike men in a body sank into the earth, and the island of Atlantis in like manner disappeared in the depths of the sea.”
16. “It is our duty to select the best and most dependable theory that human intelligence can supply, and use it as a raft to ride the seas of life.”