The name ‘Ruderalis‘ comes from ‘ruderal‘, a term is given to wild plant species which are the first to colonize land disturbed by natural forces or human activity.
Ruderalis species commonly grow by roadsides or on agricultural land that has been left fallow.
Harsh origins of Ruderalis
Cannabis Ruderalis is tentatively described as the third type of cannabis, as botanists are currently unsure whether it qualifies as a species in its own right.
Is an uncultivated strain native to Russia, central Europe, and central Asia and is well adapted to the harsher environments found in these locations.
Whether seen as a variation on the single cannabis species or as a distinct species in itself, Ruderalis types of cannabis are most likely descended from Indica varieties which, in turn, are probably descended from Sativas.
The differences between these three types in their growth and reproductive patterns can be linked to the vastly different environments encountered by the original tropical phenotype Cannabis Sativa L.
As it spread further and further north of the equator after the last ice age, the different types evolved to survive in new climates. Human intervention and agriculture have also had significant effects on Indica and Sativa gene-pools, but much less influence on wild Ruderalis.
The smallest type of cannabis
A typical Cannabis Ruderalis plant is very short in height, often between 30cm and 80cm when fully grown. It produces only a few branches and has wide, fat-bladed leaves, similar to those of Cannabis Indica.
Once flowering begins it will gain even less height than an Indica strain. Therefore it is sometimes referred to as dwarf cannabis or bonsai cannabis.
The auto-flowering ability of Cannabis Ruderalis
Nearly all flowering plants take their cue to reproduce from seasonal changes in the climate, particularly the number of hours of daylight. The ability to begin flowering based on changes in the plant instead of its environment is known as ‘auto-flowering’.
This is the most notable characteristic of the Ruderalis strain, its capacity to flower (and therefore reproduce) according to an individual plant’s age.
Cannabis Ruderalis will begin flowering when it achieves a certain stage of maturity – normally after about five to seven weeks of growth.
Once has begun flowering, it continues to do so until other environmental factors (most notable winter) cause the plant to die.
The other varieties of cannabis may expire naturally once they have accomplished reproduction.
Fast growth cycle
The adaptation of Cannabis Ruderalis to short, cool summers can be seen in other traits.It has the ability to complete its life cycle – from being a seed to producing seeds – in just 10 weeks (though 12 to 14 weeks is more common)
Its seeds detach easily and can survive more than one season in frozen ground – until conditions are favorable enough to allow growth. The seeds can also survive their shells being cracked open when walked on by humans or animals.
For some strains, this occurrence may even aid the germination of seeds.
Properties and Applications of Cannabis Ruderalis
While pure Ruderalis strains have little value in terms of fiber or recreational use, their hardiness, their auto-flowering capability and their extremely fast maturation time are of great interest to cannabis breeders.
Hybrids made from combining Indica and Ruderalis strains are currently proving to be some of the earliest-maturing outdoor plants available.
Hybrids are also used for medicinal applications in cases where the therapeutic benefits of CBD are preferred without the attendant psychoactive effects of high-THC strains.
*This article was originally published at hashmuseum.com