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De Materia Medica – The Longest-Lasting Natural History Book

By |2020-01-08T02:01:48+03:00January 8th, 2020|Categories: Culture, Herbs & Plants, Substances|Tags: , , , , , , , |

De materia medica is a pharmacopeia of medicinal plants and the medicines that can be obtained from them. The five-volume work was written between 50 and 70 CE by Pedanius Dioscorides, a Greek physician in the Roman army. It was widely read for more than [...]

Zuni Fetishes – Contemporary Native American Art

By |2020-01-05T01:29:20+03:00January 5th, 2020|Categories: Arts, Culture, Knowledge|Tags: , , , , |

Zuni fetishes are small carvings made from various materials by the Zuni people. Zuni fetishes have traditionally served a ceremonial purpose for their creators and depict animals and icons integral to their culture. As a form of contemporary Native American art, they are sold with secular [...]

Bastet: Egyptian Goddess of Cats, Love and Healing

By |2019-11-25T02:36:18+03:00November 25th, 2019|Categories: Culture|Tags: , , , , |

Bastet or Bast was a goddess of ancient Egyptian religion, worshiped as early as the Second Dynasty (2890 BCE).  Her name also is rendered as B'sst, Baast, Ubaste, and Baset. In ancient Greek religion, she was known as Ailuros. Bastet was worshiped in Bubastis in [...]

Totem Poles – A Type of Pacific Northwest Coast Art

By |2019-09-01T04:57:15+03:00September 1st, 2019|Categories: Arts, Culture|Tags: , , , , , |

Totem poles are monumental carvings, a type of Northwest Coast art, consisting of poles, posts or pillars, carved with symbols or figures. They are usually made from large trees, mostly western red cedar, by First Nations and indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest coast including [...]

The Theory of Mind

By |2019-08-29T02:41:59+03:00August 29th, 2019|Categories: Knowledge|Tags: , , , , , , , , , |

Theory of mind is the ability to attribute mental states — beliefs, intents, desires, emotions, knowledge, etc. — to oneself, and to others, and to understand that others have beliefs, desires, intentions, and perspectives that are different from one's own. Theory of mind is crucial [...]

What is Primary Consciousness?

By |2019-04-27T23:49:51+03:00April 27th, 2019|Categories: Consciousness, Knowledge|Tags: , , , , , , , , |

Primary consciousness is a term the American biologist Gerald Edelman coined to describe the ability, found in humans and some animals, to integrate observed events with memory to create an awareness of the present and immediate past of the world around them. This form of [...]

What is Secondary Consciousness?

By |2019-03-13T04:03:57+03:00March 13th, 2019|Categories: Consciousness, Knowledge|Tags: , , , , , |

Secondary consciousness is an individual's accessibility to their history and plans. The ability allows its possessors to go beyond the limits of the remembered present of primary consciousness. Primary consciousness can be defined as simple awareness that includes perception and emotion. As such, it is [...]

An Introduction to Chinese Zodiac

By |2019-02-01T16:32:20+03:00February 1st, 2019|Categories: Culture, Knowledge|Tags: , , , , , , , |

The Chinese zodiac is a classification scheme that assigns an animal and its reputed attributes to each year in a repeating 12-year cycle. The 12-year cycle is an approximation to the 11.85-year orbital period of Jupiter, the largest planet of the Solar System. It and [...]

5 Interesting Facts About Voltaire

By |2019-01-22T16:36:08+03:00January 22nd, 2019|Categories: Culture|Tags: , , , , , , |

If I ask my friends about Voltaire, their first reply will likely be: it’s a big boulevard. Lots of political rallies take place there because it leads from Republic Plaza to Nation Plaza. But Voltaire is of course first and foremost a great man of [...]

Anito: Ancestor Spirits and Deities in Philippine Folklore

By |2018-11-16T03:13:27+03:00November 16th, 2018|Categories: Culture|Tags: , , , , , |

Anito, also spelled anitu, refers to ancestor spirits, nature spirits, and deities (diwata) in the indigenous animistic religions of pre-colonial Philippines. It can also refer to carved humanoid figures, the taotao, made of wood, stone, or ivory, that represent these spirits. Pag-anito refers to a [...]