manuscript

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The Tao Te Ching – A Chinese Classic Text

By |2019-11-10T01:27:49+03:00November 10th, 2019|Categories: Culture|Tags: , , , , |

The Tao Te Ching is a Chinese classic text traditionally credited to the 6th-century BC sage Laozi. The text's authorship, date of composition and date of compilation are debated. The oldest excavated portion dates back to the late 4th century BC, but modern scholarship dates [...]

The Ebers Papyrus – An Egyptian Medical Papyrus

By |2019-10-11T17:41:01+03:00October 11th, 2019|Categories: Knowledge|Tags: , , , , , , |

The Ebers Papyrus, also known as Papyrus Ebers, is an Egyptian medical papyrus of herbal knowledge dating to circa 1550 BC. Among the oldest and most important medical papyri of ancient Egypt, it was purchased at Luxor (Thebes) in the winter of 1873–74 by Georg [...]

The Heart Sutra: The Heart of the Perfection of Wisdom

By |2019-10-10T19:50:41+03:00October 10th, 2019|Categories: Culture|Tags: , , , , |

The Heart Sutra is a popular sutra in Mahāyāna Buddhism. Its Sanskrit title, Prajñāpāramitāhṛdaya, can be translated as "The Heart of the Perfection of Wisdom". The sutra famously states, "Form is empty" (śūnyatā). It is a condensed exposé on the Buddhist Mahayana teaching of the [...]

Vishnu Purana: One of the Eighteen Mahapuranas

By |2019-09-24T23:54:21+03:00September 24th, 2019|Categories: Culture, Knowledge|Tags: , , , , , , , , |

The Vishnu Purana is one of the eighteen Mahapuranas, a genre of ancient and medieval texts of Hinduism. It is an important Pancharatra text in the Vaishnavism literature corpus. The manuscripts of Vishnu Purana have survived into the modern era in many versions. More than [...]

Meditations: A Series of Writings by Marcus Aurelius on Stoic Philosophy

By |2019-09-13T03:38:31+03:00September 13th, 2019|Categories: Culture|Tags: , , , , , |

Meditations is a series of personal writings by Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor from 161 to 180 AD, recording his private notes to himself and ideas on Stoic philosophy. Marcus Aurelius wrote the 12 books of the Meditations in Koine Greek as a source for his [...]

Doves as Symbols

By |2019-09-10T02:15:50+03:00September 10th, 2019|Categories: Culture, Knowledge|Tags: , , , , , , , , |

Doves, usually white in color, are used in many settings as symbols of love, peace or as messengers. Doves appear in the symbolism of Judaism, Christianity, Islam and Paganism, and of both military and pacifist groups. Paganism In ancient Mesopotamia, doves were prominent animal symbols [...]

The Diamond Sutra

By |2019-08-28T02:09:31+03:00August 28th, 2019|Categories: Culture|Tags: , , , , , , |

The Diamond Sutra is a Mahāyāna (Buddhist) sūtra from the Prajñāpāramitā sutras or 'Perfection of Wisdom' genre. Translated into a variety of languages over a broad geographic range, the Diamond Sutra is one of the most influential Mahayana sutras in East Asia, and is particularly [...]

The Almagest: A Mathematical and Astronomical Treatise

By |2019-08-24T03:43:51+03:00August 24th, 2019|Categories: Culture|Tags: , , , , , , , , , |

The Almagest is a 2nd-century Greek-language mathematical and astronomical treatise on the apparent motions of the stars and planetary paths, written by Claudius Ptolemy. The Almagest is of the most influential scientific texts of all time, it canonized a geocentric model of the Universe that [...]

An Introduction to Islamic Astronomy

By |2019-08-16T17:27:06+03:00August 16th, 2019|Categories: Culture, Knowledge|Tags: , , , , , , , |

Islamic astronomy comprises the astronomical developments made in the Islamic world, particularly during the Islamic Golden Age (9th–13th centuries), and mostly written in the Arabic language. These developments mostly took place in the Middle East, Central Asia, Al-Andalus, and North Africa, and later in the [...]

The Books of Chilam Balam

By |2019-08-06T22:41:48+03:00August 6th, 2019|Categories: Culture, Knowledge, Spirituality|Tags: , , , , , , |

The Books of Chilam Balam are handwritten, chiefly 17th and 18th-centuries Maya miscellanies, named after the small Yucatec towns where they were originally kept, and preserving important traditional knowledge in which indigenous Maya and early Spanish traditions have coalesced. Written in the Yucatec Maya language [...]