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The History of Sugar

By |2020-08-27T03:08:52+03:00August 27th, 2020|Categories: Culture, Herbs & Plants, Substances|Tags: , , , |

Sugar was first produced from sugarcane plants in northern India sometime after the first century CE. The derivation of the word “sugar” is thought to be from Sanskrit śarkarā, meaning "ground or candied sugar," originally "grit, gravel". Sanskrit literature from ancient India, written between 1500 [...]

Historia Plantarum – An Important Book of Natural History

By |2020-04-26T15:09:59+03:00April 26th, 2020|Categories: Culture, Herbs & Plants|Tags: , , , , , , |

Theophrastus's Enquiry into Plants or Historia Plantarum (Greek: Peri phyton historia) was, along with his mentor Aristotle's History of Animals, Pliny the Elder's Natural History and Dioscorides's De materia medica, one of the most important books of natural history written in ancient times, and like [...]

Silphium – An Ancient Wonder Plant

By |2020-04-23T12:34:17+03:00April 23rd, 2020|Categories: Culture, Herbs & Plants, Substances|Tags: , , , , |

Silphium (also known as silphion or laser) was a plant that was used in classical antiquity as a seasoning, perfume, as an aphrodisiac, or as a medicine. Silphium was used as a contraceptive by ancient Greeks and Romans. It was the essential item of trade from [...]

De Materia Medica – The Longest-Lasting Natural History Book

By |2020-01-08T02:01:48+03:00January 8th, 2020|Categories: Culture, Herbs & Plants, Substances|Tags: , , , , , , , |

De materia medica is a pharmacopeia of medicinal plants and the medicines that can be obtained from them. The five-volume work was written between 50 and 70 CE by Pedanius Dioscorides, a Greek physician in the Roman army. It was widely read for more than [...]

Aether: The Fifth Element

By |2019-04-26T17:27:04+03:00April 26th, 2019|Categories: Culture, Knowledge|Tags: , , , , , , , |

According to ancient and medieval science, aether, also spelled ether and also called quintessence, is the material that fills the region of the universe above the terrestrial sphere. The concept of aether was used in several theories to explain several natural phenomena, such as the [...]